management is the organizing, categorizing, and structuring
of information resources (text, images, documents etc.)
so that they can be stored, published, and edited with
ease and flexibility. A content management system (CMS)
is used to collect, manage, and publish content, storing
the content either as components or whole documents,
while maintaining dynamic links between components.
CMSs allow end-users (typically authors of some sort)
to provide new content in the form of articsles. The
articles are typically entered as plain text, perhaps
with markup to indicate where other resources (such
as pictures) should be placed. The system then uses
rules to style the article, which separates the display
from the content, which has a number of advantages when
trying to get many articles to conform to a consistent
"look and feel". The system then adds the
articles to a larger collection for publishing.
The systems also often include some sort of concept
of the workflow for the target users, which defines
how the new content is to be routed around the system.
A good example of a CMS would be a system for managing
a newspaper. In such a system the reporters type articles
into the system, which stores them in a database. Along
with the article the system stores attributes, including
keywords, the date and time of filing, the reporter's
name, etc. The system then uses these attributes to
find out, given its workflow rules, who should proofread
the article, approve it for publication, edit it, etc.
Later the editors can choose which articles to include
(or ignore) in an edition of the newspaper, which is
then laid out and printed automatically.